Yam Vegetable

Health Benefits of Yam Vegetable

By Yanti

yam vegetableYam (Ipomoea batatas) originated from the family of dioscoreaceae and estimated to came from west Africa, and is a tropical plant that grows vines in the soil. Yam tubers can grow up to 2.5 m in length, weigh up to 70 kg, and height from 3 inches to 6 inches. Yam vegetable grown and cultivated in many countries like in various countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and today Nigeria is the world’s biggest producer of yam.

In Africa and New Guinea yam coals vegetables are the main agricultural commodities in this region. Yam vegetable foods are essential for survival in this area, and without engine coolant vegetable yam can be stored up to 6 months for the bias is still consumed.

Yam vegetable when raw have thin skin, rough difficult to peel, but if it is heated then the skin and the meat will be soft and easily to peel. Skin color of the yam vegetable color varies from dark brown to bright pink. And the meat of this yam vegetable also has a variety of colors, white, yellow, purple, or pink when the yam is cooked.

Yam nutrition

Yam vegetable contains a variety of good nutrition for health and nutrition contained in yam, among others, are as follows carbohydrates, protein, dietary fiber, vitamins A, B complex, C, E, K, sodium, potassium, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, selenium, zinc, and beta carotene.

Health benefits of yam vegetable

Yam vegetable is a beneficial source of energy for each 100 g contained 118 calories which is primarily composed of complex carbohydrates and soluble dietary fiber that can increases blood sugar levels very slowly rather than simple sugars and so suggested as a low glycemic index foods healthier.

Dietary fiber in yam vegetable can helps reduce occurs constipation, decrease the bad or low density lipoprotein of cholesterol levels by tying in the intestine and prevent colon cancer by preventing the toxic compounds in the diet of the following intestinal mucosa.

The content of beta carotene and vitamin A in the vegetable yam in which beta carotene is converted into vitamin A in the human body is useful as antioxidants for the body. Vitamin A is also beneficial to maintaining healthy eyes, skin, and protects the oral cavity cancer.

Vitamin B complex in yam vegetable helps your metabolism in the body in order to work better.

Vitamin C content is quite high in yam vegetable as a source of antioxidants which help boost immunity from various diseases, aids in bone growth, wound healing, and has an important role in anti aging.

Yam vegetable beneficial to human health if consumed regularly because the nutrients contained in it, but do not consume yam vegetables in a raw state, but must be peeled, cleaned, and cooked in advance to eliminate the toxicity of natural herbs that are in the yam as diosgeni, dioscorin, and tripene which can cause illness coming on the body if consumed.

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