Hackberry Tree

Benefits of Hackberry Tree

By Yanti


Hackberry Tree

Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) is a plant of the family Cannabaceae, and genus Celtis Cannabaceae. Hackberries estimated to come from the flooded areas the eastern United States, and is currently estimated there are approximately 60 species to 70 species worldwide hackberries. Hackberry tree growing in areas of warm and requires enough sunlight to thrive and survive.

Hackberry tree can reach heights of 10 m to 25 m with the age of the Hackberry tree can reach up to 150 years old 250 years old. Hackberry tree skins, especially on the trunk and branches are warty, and have brown or gray color. Most of the hackberry trees have soft wood, and light. Branches of hackberry tree tend to droop and make visible cylindrical hackberry tree.

Fruit of hackberry produced from the plant is small drupe with a diameter of approximately 6 mm to 10 mm and when ripe is sweet and slightly dry. Hackberry fruit when mature will change color from orange red to dark purple. The fruit is widely consumed by animals such as birds, cedar waxwings, and quail.

Leaves of hackberries plant a length of about 3 to 15 cm and oval acuminate and serrated evenly. Hackberry leaves bright green and in autumn the leaves turn bright yellow. Hackberry flowers are small,    and usually appearing in early spring time when hackberry leaves are still growing. Male flowers of Hackberry have a longer size and fuzzy compared to the female flowers which female flowers look more rounded and greenish.

Benefits of Hackberry

There are several benefits to be gained from this hackberry plants, among others, are as follows:

  • Although very few people eat the fruit but there are also people eat hackberry fruit as a snack or jelly, and Native Americans have made hackberry fruit as a source of food as a flavor enhancer in foods or thick porridge made it by mixing fruit hackberry has been destroyed by corn or animal fats, they also take advantage of hackberry fruit to pasta
  • Hackberry fruit is a favorite food for wildlife, especially birds that eat fruit throughout the winter season.
  • Hackberry tree is oftentimes used as shade trees in their environment because of their large size and tolerance to drought. Hackberry tree that grows near the river can also be used to prevent erosion, and minimise flooding.
  • Hackberry tree has soft wood tree and although it’s not as commercial tree but Hackberry tree is frequently utilised as firewood and some that use wood from  hackberry trees to make furniture, crates, boxes, and plywood.
  • Hackberry tree can also be used as an ingredient to treat various diseases as practiced by Native Americans. Hackberry tree bark that has been boiled used as a cure for venereal disease, regulates the menstrual cycle, and induces abortion.


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